A Jury is a selected group of citizens which hears the testimonies in a legal dispute and determines what they believe is the truth. The United States law provides for three types of Juries: Petit, Grand and Coroner's
Selection, Appearance and Service
Juror Selection Process and Service |
Prospective jurors are initially selected or "summoned" from the Voter Registration files or the Department of Motor Vehicles files each year (July 1 - June 30) to a specific jury trial date and time. You are requested to report on the date and time on your summons to the address indicated on your summons. Please take into account the time it takes to park your car, walk to the Courthouse and be processed through security.
Jury trials are typically in session from 9:00 a.m. to approximately 4:00-5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. The lunch break for jurors is usually from 12 noon to 1:30 p.m., and brief recesses are held throughout the day.
The Superior Court of Nevada County observes a “one-day/one-trial” policy. Once a prospective juror has either served as a trial juror in one trial, or made one appearance and was not selected as a juror, he/she should not be called for jury service again for at least 12 months. If, after appearing for jury service, the judge or jury commissioner excuses a prospective juror for hardship reasons, he/she is subject to be called again at any time. If a prospective juror is selected to serve in a trial, he/she is required to serve until the conclusion of the trial. Average jury trials last two to five days. In some instances jury trials may last longer. The trial judge will advise you of the estimated trial duration.
On occasion, the litigants in a jury trial will settle out of court prior to the date of the jury trial, so it is important for you to follow the information on your summons on how to check your up-to-date Juror Status. If your jury trial is cancelled, you do not need to appear as instructed. Your name will be added back to the prospective juror pool after 12 months.
We understand that sometimes prospective jurors are unable to fulfill their jury duty on the date and time for which they have been summoned. Each juror is allowed to postpone their jury duty once in a given year. This is not an excuse from service; simply a rescheduling of your service to a later date that works better for you. To postpone your service simply follow the instructions on checking your Juror Status and follow the link to postponements.
Excuse From Service
An excuse from jury service based upon undue hardship, financial burden, work hardship, or religious reasons, can only be granted by the judge and must be placed on the Court’s record on the date of your appearance. You may request to be disqualified or excused from jury service for any one of the following reasons:
Active duty peace officers may also be excused from jury service. If you believe that any of these conditions apply to you, any request must be submitted in writing by checking the appropriate box on the summons and signing in the under penalty of perjury section. The summons must be returned within five business days.
Failure To Appear for Jury Duty
If you have received a summons for jury duty and did not appear as instructed, you will be recorded as a Failure to Appear, regardless of reason. Pursuant to California Code, any juror who fails to respond to a jury summons as directed may be found in contempt of court, punishable by fine, incarceration, or both. You will receive a new summons directing you to appear for Jury Service. Your Failure to Appear record will be vacated upon your appearance on the newly scheduled date.
Jury Office Contact
- Deputy Jury Commissioner
201 Church St
Nevada City, CA 95959
1st floor, Suite 6
Juror Reporting Status (24 hr)
(530) 265-1585 - Nevada City
(530) 582-7836 - Truckee